Montessori Vs Traditional

TRADITIONAL                                                                                                                   MONTESSORI

Emphasis on Rote Learning and Social Behavior Emphasis on Cognitive and Social Development
Teacher acts as primary enforcer of discipline Environment and method encourage self-discipline
Mainly group instruction Mainly individual instruction
Same age groups Mixed age groups
Teaching is done by teacher, collaboration is discouraged Grouping encourages children to teach and collaborate
Curriculum structured for child Child chooses own work
Child is guided to concepts by teacher Child discovers own concepts from self-teaching materials
Child generally allotted specific time for work Child is allocated time to work on and complete lesson
Instruction pace set by group Child sets own learning pace
Errors in child’s work highlighted by teacher Child spots own errors from feedback of material
Learning is reinforced externally by repetition, rewards and punishment Child reinforces own learning by repetition of work and internal feelings of success
Child usually assigned seat; required to participate during group lessons Child can work where he chooses move about and talk at will (yet not disturb work of others), group work voluntary
No organized program for self-care instruction – left primarily up to parents Multi-sensory materials for physical exploration organizes program for learning care of self and environment

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